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Internet Universality Indicators

UNESCO’s Internet Universality Indicators are a set of 303 indicators that aim to assess the state of Internet development at the national level according to the ROAM principles of human Rights, Openness, Accessibility, Multi-stakeholder participation.

The Internet is much more than digital technology; it is also a network of economic and social interactions and relationships. As such, this has shown potential to enable human rights, empower individuals and communities, and facilitate sustainable development. It has also presented challenges to established norms in ways that can have both positive and negative impacts on economic, social and developmental outcomes. How the range of Internet issues are integrated within public policy affects matters like equality, inclusiveness, media and journalism, cultural diversity, quality education for all, and the protection of human rights. 
These impacts are all relevant to UNESCO’s mandate, and they are part of the complex Internet environment that can be profitably explored and enhanced through the prism of Internet Universality.After a two-year process of evolution, this concept of Internet Universality was endorsed by UNESCO’s General Conference in 2015. The concept sets out a vision which highlights four principles that serve as the key pillars underpinning the growth and evolution of the Internet, and it points to the need to strengthen these as the Internet becomes more pervasive in human affairs. Understanding the Internet in this way helps to draw together different facets of its ecosystem which are relevant to UNESCO’s role in the world and the Organisation’s support for its Member States. 
The four principles identified as key to Internet Universality are summarised as the R-O-A-M principles, and are fundamental to the development of the Internet in ways that are conducive to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals with no one left behind. These principles are:
  •  •R – that the Internet is based on human Rights
     •O – that it is Open
     •A – that it should be Accessible to all, and
     •M – that it is nurtured by Multistakeholder participation.
  • You can read more about UNESCO’s Internet Universality by following the link below:

Digital Era NGO has been implementing the project to assess the Internet environment of Mongolia comprehensively by using the Internet Universality Indicators since December 2021. In March 2022, the organization translated the Internet Universality Indicators to Mongolian, which is the official beginning of the project implementation. During the translation process, members of the research team were selected based on the professional sectors and experiences. Then initial findings and recommendations of the research were introduced and discussed at the validation meeting attended by the members of the assessment working group and relevant comments and feedback were incorporated into the report finalized in January 2023.

Mongolia’s National Assessment is the 6th edition of the UNESCO Publication Series on Internet Universality National Assessments.

Our report is currently waiting for the confirmation from UNESCO and will be published here and on UNESCO’s website soon.


You can find the other countries’ reports by following the link below: